Relationship Between Argentina And USA
The relationship between Argentina and USA has gradually developed into a positive bilateral situation. Past political and commercial events created a tense climate that lasted until 1983. Officials from Argentina and the United States of America (USA) have formed a unified front to curtail various illegal activities. After a period of declared neutrality, the country became a member of the United Nations, taking an active role in international peacekeeping.
Tension developed between the two countries starting during World War I. Argentina declared its independence and rejected all pro-American sentiment. US officials felt that Argentina was guilty of multiple human rights violations. After Argentinean officials refused to observe the grain embargo imposed against the former Soviet Union in 1980, and the US supported England during the Falkland wars in 1982, relations between the two countries became extremely difficult.
Things did not start to improve until 1983. Democracy was restored to Argentina and the country began to explore international trade. Argentina still had issue with American involvement in Nicaragua and the US took issue with the Argentinean stance on not limiting nuclear weapons (non-nuclear proliferation agreement) and indicating they would not stand with or against any major powers (movement of non-aligned countries). In 1989 Carlos Menem became President of Argentina, marking the start of a new era in relations between the two countries. The Argentinean government began to acknowledge international issues.
Once economics started to improve, domestic tourism started to rise in Argentina. Representatives have been working closely with the American government to encourage international tourism. An information exchange has been designed to facilitate advances in science and technology. Fulbright scholarships have been increased to promote academic exchanges between US and Argentinean students. A United States senator created the scholarships to foster international studies.
A newly adopted stance on international peacekeeping has created some of the largest government collaborations to aide in the eradication of crime. In sharp contrast to previous sentiment, Argentina works hand-in-hand with the United States to monitor nuclear weapons and combat terrorism. A letter of agreement signed in 2004 details the willingness of Argentinean officials to join US agents in the fight against drug trafficking. A New York Times article shed light on drug rings that extend all the way into Europe. The country has also experienced a spike in human trafficking, with poor individuals being used in wealthier areas as prostitutes and forced labor. Cooperating with US officials helps the Argentinean government meet the minimum requirements necessary to stop human trafficking.
Commercial interests are equally important. Major Argentinean exports include cars, fuel and grain. Trade to the US is minimal, but the country receives a great deal of surplus beef from Argentina.