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Embassy of Argentina

Argentina is home to 41.77 million people. The third-largest economy in Latin America and the second-largest country in South America consists of 23 provinces and one self-managed district. Major industries include beef, textiles and mining. Argentina has been pegged by investors as an emerging economy due to its potential for future growth.

Bordered by the Andes mountains and the Atlantic ocean, Argentina has previously claimed a number of remote territories including Antarctica and the Falkland Islands. Neighboring countries include Brazil, Paraguay and Chile. Initially inhabited by various indigenous tribes, Europeans began arriving during the early 1500s. Their influence is still exhibited in local art, cuisine and architecture. Census data indicates that over 86 percent of the population is of European decent.

The country has experienced a great deal of turmoil and redevelopment in its past. After obtaining independence from Spanish rule, the country had a period of great financial gain that would eventually crumble under political unrest. This instability would last until early 2000, when President Nestor Kirchner was elected.

Argentina ranks high on the Human Development Index (HDI) in a number of categories like life expectancy, literacy and standards of living. Education is a countrywide priority, resulting in literacy rates of 97 percent. Since the early 1700s, government officials have worked to ensure every resident has access to healthcare, causing a significant decrease in mortality rates.

The Cabildo de Buenos Aires on the Plaza de Mayo


The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) indicates that the country of Argentina is slightly smaller than the United States (US). Some political experts feel relations between the US and Argentina have been strained due to distance. The capital city of Buenos Aires, is closer to Europe than to Washington D.C. Others feel that Argentinean neutrality during World War II, and difficulties with ruling parties marred past relations. Currently, the countries have a variety of shared interests, with government officials constantly working to improve information exchanges and increase tourism.

In addition to being known as an emerging business capital, Argentina also offers vast leisure activities to accommodate varying lifestyles. Local climates range from cold winters with hot summers to cool summers with extremely cold winters, creating unique settings that continue to attract visitors from around the world. Six locales are considered tourist centers, and four natural attractions rank as tourist favorites. World Heritage Sites and national parks are abundant. Not just a nature-lovers paradise, Argentina has a very spirited nightlife offering late dinners and tango lessons.

Argentina’s official currency is the Peso. Despite strong European roots, the official language is Spanish. Local residents have a reputation for being extremely friendly with laid-back personalities. The country has become increasingly popular among retirees who yearn for a European lifestyle without the higher cost of living.